Paper: Urban vulnerability across diverse contexts: a preliminary comparative analysis of households in select localities across Indonesia, Colombia and Kenya

Paper details

Paper authors Siswanto Agus Wilopo
In panel on Urban Preparedness and Resilience
Paper presenter(s) will be presenting In-Person / Online


Urban areas are rendered vulnerable due to myriad exacerbating factors such as rapid and unplanned urbanization, environmental degradation, precarious livelihoods and resource pressures. These challenges are likely to grow given that the proportion of the world’s population living in urban areas is projected to increase from 20% of the world’s population in 1900 to a projected 70% by 2050. Over the past forty years the urban population in lower income and fragile countries has increased by 326% and currently nearly one billion people or a third of the developing world’s urban population live in slums. At the same time rapid change in such settings due to high levels of transience and insecurity render cross-national comparison of localities difficult and result in a lack of comparable data. The aim of this paper is to summarize a range of livelihood domains of urban settings that can enhance efforts to build resilience in vulnerable urban settings. These domains include food and water security, hygiene and sanitation, interpersonal relationships, coping strategies and security. It relies on a a cross-sectional baseline-survey using smart-phones and ODK/Kobo Toolbox applications was undertaken in two localities in Jakarta, Nairobi and Bogotá respectively.



Siswanto Agus Wilopo
Center for Reproductive Health...