Paper: La Solidaridad o La Soledad?

Paper details

Paper authors Lana Gonzalez Balyk
In panel on Migration crises in Latin America: what management of exiled populations?
Paper presenter(s) will be presenting In-Person / Online

Abstract

The Venezuelan Migration Crisis is the Americas' largest forced migration; current estimates indicate that over five million people have now been displaced by Venezuela's ongoing economic, political and humanitarian crisis. Neighboring countries initially showed an impressive welcome to displaced Venezuelans, regardless of whether they may be considered migrants or asylum seekers. However, the number of displaced leaving Venezuela has continued to grow rapidly since 2015 as the situation within Venezuela remains unresolved. The response towards the migrants has been largely uncoordinated and takes place on a per country basis, rather then by a coherent international or regional strategy; there has been limited long term-planning and inclusion of migrants in host communities. This has led to a growth in xenophobia, as many Latin American host nations erect new barriers to make legal entry or forms of residency more difficult for migrants to obtain. The COVID-19 epidemic has compounded these issues, not just due to border closures but to the fact that as host country economies contract, they grapple to support and offer resources to their own citizens in addition to the migrants they host. However, there are some creative regional accords and humanitarian-oriented policies that could be applied in a coordinated regional approach to help ensure that the region can better extend solidarity and inclusion to Venezuelans over the longer term. With increased international support regional host countries and the International Organizations (IOs) assisting them could not only continue to offer solidarity to migrants but also longer-term inclusion in host societies.

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Presenters

Lana Gonzalez Balyk