Paper: Local integration of people displaced by drought in Ethiopia

Paper details

Paper authors Pablo Cortés Ferrández
In panel on Climate-Related Displacement, (Internal) Migration and Humanitarian Action
Paper presenter(s) will be presenting In-Person / Online

Abstract

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) embarked on a new research programme in December 2018 to investigate internal displacement in the context of slow-onset disasters and climate change. This paper explores the current situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) three years after the last drought in 2017. It examines local integration efforts carried out through livelihood projects and how these can serve as durable solutions to displacement. Requests by IDPs and their host communities, as well as the initial projects of some NGOs, focus on the recovery of livelihoods based on livestock and agriculture. They also focus on the generation of complementary and alternative economic opportunities to increase resilience. These include the creation of cooperatives involving small livestock and crops for small-scale trade. They also include projects such as cash for crops, training for more sustainable livestock and agriculture in extreme environments, and vocational training focused on the labour market in woredas and urban areas. This research is intended to help government authorities, as well as humanitarian and development organizations, analyse the expectations of IDPs and their host communities with regard to integration, as well as the livelihood activities being implemented. Above all, listening to the voices on the ground is crucial. It allows for a determination of the strengths and deficiencies that could accompany subsequent efforts to achieve durable solutions in the region. The research for this report was conducted using semi-structured qualitative interviews and focus group discussions on Warder and Kebridehar woredas. Fifty-one interviews and three focus groups were carried out in Gaafaw and Roob da’ay kebeles and Banburad and Buundada kebeles to IDPs and host communities, local and regional authorities, as well as NGOs and UN agencies.

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Presenters

Pablo Cortés Ferrández