|Paper authors||Mariana Ramos Soares Beselga|
|In panel on||Humanitarianism and Inequality|
|Paper presenter(s) will be presenting||
Yemen is the scene of a protracted Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict since 2015, that triggered in the biggest humanitarian crisis on the Global South in the early of 2020s, with more than 80% of the population in need support and approximately 4 million internally displaced people. Nevertheless, the variable that most limits humanitarianism in the Yemeni context is the transnational terrorism and ‘new imperialism’ — interventions by state and non-state actors, factions, that put boundaries for the assistance to victims in the confrontation. Considering these security issues, through the Critical Theory approaches, the purpose of this investigation is conceiving how the fragmentation of power in the Yemeni territory, reinforced by the disputes of the States-Empire, affects the unequal distribution of humanitarian aid. This theoretical production relies on the articulation between mixed methods systematizing the construction of case study, such as bibliographical-documentary research aiming to analyse violations of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights by agents involved in the dispute and their geopolitical interest. Moreover, Human development indicators are used with the function of capturing the degrees of inequalities during the years that began the blockades by the Saudi coalition. The primary results show that the sea land and air ports barriers hampered humanitarian actions and aggravated the situation of human security. Besides, terrorist groups seriously affected the Yemeni as women who help build peace and communities that assist internally displaced persons. Thus, this scientific exploration provides advanced dimensions on the geopolitics of humanitarianism studies, which encompasses international terrorism and redistributive asymmetries within Capitalist Hegemony.
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