|Paper authors||Sarian Jarosz, Agnieszka Kosowicz|
|In panel on||Local humanitarian responses to Ukrainian refugees - the case of Eastern Europe|
|Paper presenter(s) will be presenting||
The year 2022 has been marked by unprecedented solidarity in Polish civil society and emergence of the cross-sectoral cooperations of actors, navigating between the immense scale of needs and ad hoc creation of formal and non-formal humanitarian infrastructures and provisional solutions (Jarosz and Klaus 2022).
In our paper we would like to investigate and reflect on how the bottom-up humanitarian framework in Poland has changed, based on our long-time ethnographic research in remote border areas, and direct experience as the collective of Polish and Ukrainian NGOs engaged in refugee reception and integration in Poland from the day one (Migration Consortium 2023). To do so, we would like to take a critical look at good and bad practices of cross-sectoral cooperation between NGOs and the other actors involved in humanitarian activities, such as the private sector, religious associations or the Ukrainian community itself (Ibid.; Pachocka 2023).
We will summarize our in-depth ethnographic research from 14 Polish cities (large, medium and small) engaged in humanitarian aid to people fleeing Ukraine (Migration Consortium 2022), with a commentary from the President of the Polish Migration Forum on the challenges and recommendations on successful humanitarian response in the years to come.