Paper: Situating Women in Humanitarian Responses to Internal Displacement in Africa: Insights from Nigeria, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo

Paper details

Paper authors titilope f ajayi
In panel on Women's Engagement & Protection in Conflict: Examining Displacement, Peacemaking, and Empowerment
Paper presenter(s) will be presenting In-Person / Online


The centrality of gender to displacement and other forms of instability worldwide is paradoxical to a lingering multifaceted gender gap in humanitarian responses. A range of actors have tried to address this disparity through advocacy, policy reforms and practice interventions, yet extant evidence suggests that gender dynamics remain under-prioritised in humanitarian action globally. Targeted analysis of the situation in Africa is lacking and even less is known about the state of gender and internal displacement, given the dominant focus on the nexuses between gender and transborder migration. How well is gender integrated into humanitarian responses to displacement in Africa? As the world navigates historic levels of displacement amid shifting global geopolitics and emergency landscapes, this chapter explores this question in the empirical contexts of three countries with among the five highest internally displaced populations in Africa: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, and Sudan. The paper examines multiscalar responses to gender/women and displacement in each country, noting highlights and gaps, and considers what needs to change to improve the situations of women affected by conflict in Africa.