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Over the last ten years, the conditions in which humanitarian organisations operate in the Sahel region have continued to deteriorate, as the local and regional conflicts between the region's states and the many insurgencies led by radical jihadist groups have intensified. Providing assistance to the hundreds of thousands of displaced people generated by the war, maintaining previous projects, and even creating new ones in very precarious security conditions: this is the challenge facing aid actors. While the massacres of civilians continue, humanitarian workers are not spared from violence either, as instances of kidnappings of both international and local staff, assassinations, and attacks on buildings have all taken place. Is the risk incurred by humanitarian workers acceptable? How to negotiate with insurgents? To what extent do anti-terrorism laws act as a constraint on operations? What questions does profiling raise? This panel will attempt to explore the security policies of relief organisations working in Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso, and the negotiation strategies deployed to determine the conditions for a working space for international solidarity in the Sahel countries.
Possible papers :
- Michaël Neuman, Director of Studies - CRASH: Should we discriminate in order to act? Profiling: a necessary but debated practice
- Stuart Gordon
- Yvan Guichaoua