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Water programmes in crisis contexts largely focus on matching sector-specific demand and supply, overlooking availability and allocation between different uses. This leads to overexploitation of resources and conflict between users. A 50 million USD programme in Darfur and the east of Sudan funded by UKaid and the EU, is developing replicable approaches to integrated water resources management (IWRM) in environments that are fragile from a climate and conflict perspective. Rather than making humanitarian work more developmental, the programme aims to do development in fragile areas, as a long-term perspective is a prerequisite for addressing issues of water scarcity in contexts of population growth, climate variability and change, and decreasing soil fertility. The programme uses the so-called 3R concepts (retention, recharge and reuse of water). 3R concepts aim to enhance water availability by storing water in the ground when it is abundant and making it available during periods of scarcity.
Papers presented in the panel will include:
• An overview of the programme and lessons learnt
• An analysis of the IWRM approach developed by the programme
• An analysis of climate patterns in the Sahel and their implications for medium-term food (in)security
• Water harvesting in dry areas: why a paradigm shift is needed