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Localization is frequently criticized for its conceptual and practical shortcomings. Often it is not clear who the local actors actually are, how they work, and how to implement localization effectively. A general consensus though is that capacity strengthening is integral for localization. This is believed being best achieved through training and partnering of local actors by international ones. In a system that is dominated by actors from the Global North, this often means that knowledge and resources are flowing from North-to-South. However, South-South cooperation among humanitarian organizations may play a useful role in strengthening local capacity and fostering localization. When these organizations share experiences, these are sometimes taken up more easily than the recommendations/impositions from the Global North, because the staff-members see similarities in their mutual experiences and lessons learned. Yet, empirical research on South-South cooperation in humanitarian crises is lacking. This panel wants to shed light on this oft-overlooked aspect of localization, bringing together papers that study this form of cooperation and explore how it may contribute to advancing the localization agenda. We thus seek contributions that study South-South cooperation in humanitarian action both theoretically and/or empirically. We are particularly interested in papers that relate this form of cooperation to the discourse on localization.