Humanitarian organisations claim to protect civilians from conflict, and they conceptualise protection as encompassing activities that uphold individual rights in accordance with international human rights, humanitarian, and refugee laws. South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda have experienced five decades of international interventions that have claimed to offer protection; this region has been and continues to be a crucible for new protection policies. At the same time, many of those who are being ‘protected’ do not feel safer despite these humanitarian activities. Instead, they seek alternative methods of safety, including through forms of solidarity. Therefore, there is a need to refocus scholarship on what people do to protect themselves and others around them, and how these methods of keep ..