In 1998, the United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement were established. Over the last two decades, ‘displacement’ has been used repeatedly to refer to forced movement of people within or outside national borders, by humanitarian researchers, practitioners and policymakers. At a conceptual level, displacement remains a wide and much-debated terminology. With the increasing uncertainty over climate change impacts, there is a growing concern among social scientists that disaster and climate risks will contribute to further displacement of communities along with other social and economic implications.
Yet, more than 20 years after the guiding principles have been established, what does the term ‘displacement’ really mean? Who or what decide to label a community as displ ..